Arkansas Tree Database

Sugar Maple

Sugar Maple

Scientific name:

Acer Saccharum


65' tall by 55' wide


opposite, simple, 3"-5" across, with 3 or 5 pointed and sparsely toothed lobes, with rounded indentations between lobes; medium green above and green not silvered beneath


small and greenish on long stems


winged nutlets in pairs

Fall Interest:

excellent yellow, orange, red; deciduous


sun to partial sun; moist rich soil, slightly acidic; intolerant of heat or dry sites; slower growing than other maples



excellent shade tree; valuable wood for flooring, furniture, and veneer; valuable bird's eye maple wood sometimes results when tree growing in adverse conditions develops closely spaced buds that then die off; best suited to northwest Arkansas


'Legacy,' 'John Pair'


bark gray and smooth on young trees and dark gray with deep furrows and long peeling ridges with age; has clear watery sap which is gathered in late winter to make maple syrup and sugar; Native Americans made medicinal tea from inner bark; native to eastern Canada and north central and northeastern US


Click thumbnail to enlarge images

Sugar maple bark on trunk Sugar maple tree at base Sugar maple bark on trunk Sugar maple tree, tapped to collect sap Sugar maple stem Sugar maple flowers, emerging before leaves Sugar maple flowers Sugar maple flowers and emerging leaves Sugar maple leaf, upper side Sugar maple leaves, fall color Sugar maple fruit, pair of samaras Sugar maple tree, fall Sugar maple tree, spring Sugar maple twig with buds, showing opposite arrangement Sugar maple twig with bud